The thyroid is more common than people know. Almost 12% of people will experience problems related to thyroid at least once in their lives. However, as compared to men, women are more prone to thyroid disorders. It affects people as their age progresses and hence the effects are different in children and adults.
Thyroid hormones are responsible for metabolism in the body and regulating energy growth. But, the problem begins when there is a heavy dip or rise in the thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid hormones decrease significantly. This results in slow metabolism and growth.
What Is Hyperthyroidism?
Place your fingers on both the sides of you Adam’s apple and swallow. You feel the gland beneath your fingers slide. Those glands are the thyroid glands present in the butterfly shape. These glands are responsible for the metabolism and growth of different body parts.
A small gland in the middle of our head known as the pituitary is responsible for releasing thyroid-stimulating hormone. This hormone, TSH, instructs the thyroid gland to release thyroid hormone.
In primary hyperthyroidism, the TSH level increases but the thyroid glands do not release a higher level of hormone. In secondary hyperthyroidism, the TSH level decreases, and glands do not receive instructions to release more hormones.
The common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are as follows –